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16 Mar 2014 

What is the Treatment for Bunions?

What is the Treatment for Bunions?
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Bunion is the outgrowth of bone at the joint of big toe. It bulges extensively due to improper growth of the bone. Big toe is turned toward the other toes. Many experts largely believe that bunion occurs owing to the abnormal enlargement of bone located close to the base of big toe. However, because of the displacement of joints from the big toe, there will be higher risk for a vascular injury. Bunion looks like red calloused skin. It gets aggravated by the pressure from shoes. Bunions are commonly seen in women. People with deformed feet bone structures are more likely to develop a bunion.

ContentWhat are the Causes of Bunion?How is Bunion diagnosed?What are are the Symptoms of Bunion?What are the Non-surgical Bunion Treatment Options?What are the Different Surgeries for Bunion Removal?What is the Post Operative Care Post Bunion Surgery?






What are the Causes of Bunion?
The main reasons to develop bunions could be hereditary where the bone development is improper or as simple as wearing ill-fitting shoes that could misalign the bones and cause pain. If you wear distorted or arrow-toed, high-heeled footwear, it could cause bunion in the long run. Designer shoes with sharp toe box structure speeds up the formation of abnormal expansion of bones at the base of the toes. In addition, if shoe soles do not support heels, the toe region can be badly affected. Poor shape of foot due to degenerating bone diseases such as flat feet, arthritis, and polio can increase the risk of bunions.





How is Bunion diagnosed?
During the diagnosis, your doctor will go through your medical history. A history of bone dieseases such as arthritis or health conditions such as diabetes are checked for. The damage to the soft tissues of your feet and deformities like hammertoes and corns ar examined. You will be asked to undergo X-ray examination for further investigation . The X-ray result helps to evaluate any deformity in the jointis that could be the source of the pain. After going through all the results of physical examination, medical history and X-ray, your doctor recommends surgical or non-surgical remedies for treating bunion.



What are are the Symptoms of Bunion?
Some fo the common symptoms of Bunion include,
Persistent pain while walking, jogging and runningPain while lifting heavy objects, or you might experience pressure on the bony bump which appears along the inside edge of the big toe.Swelling around the big toe along with rednessYou might developcorns near the first and second toe



What are the Non-surgical Bunion Treatment Options?
Usually doctors do not suggest surgical treatment in the inital stages and try to treat bunion through non surgical methods. If the problem has just started proper care and using wide-toe shoes can help control and cure it without any further treatment. Using foam pads can also solve the problem and prevent it from aggravating further. Spacers is another device that is used during night to maintain space between the toes. These can be easily obtained from the local drugstore. If you have a pair of old shoes, you can make a hole in it and use it at home. This will put your foot at ease. Some of the non surgical treatments that can be easily followed on your own are:
Change your shoes: If your shoes are causing irritation and pain in your feet, then you should immediately change them. And if you are suffering from bunion, then you should buy wide toed shoes that give enough space to the affected toe. According to American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, regular use of soft soled and wide toe shoes helps in reducing the bunion problem. Using footwear with heels higher than 2 1/4 inches should be avoided.Padding your shoes: Doctors are of the opinion that if soft cushioning is provided to the affected foot, the symptoms of bunion can decrease immensely. You can use bunion pads that are easily available at the local pharmcay for this. You can also try tapping your affected foot. This helps in reducing the pressure on the affected toe in turn reducing the pain.Medicines: Even after trying all these remedies, if the bunion condition is still causing pain, you can try taking regular pain killing medications like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or naproxen sodium.Ife the pain is unbearable, your doctor will givet cortisone injection for relieving pain.Orthotics: These are the devices that are used to keep the foot in a natural position thereby decreasing the pain. If used daily, it can help the patient recover from the bunion problem and also prevent the problem from worsening farther. Non-prescription devices such as shoe inserts can be used with similar effect and if you are lucky you can get them customized. The Podiatrists take the exact measurement of your feet with the help of mold and prepare shoe inserts exactly matching your feet.


What are the Different Surgeries for Bunion Removal?
There are different types of surgical procedures to eliminate bunions. Sometimes, outpatient treatments are very effective in minimization of the bunions. Patients are released immediately after the surgery. In severe cases, major surgery might be performed which includes anesthesia, medications, pain killers, and different types of medical appliances. Sometimes patients may require bone grafting or bone replacement. Several studies reveal that around 90 to 95 percent patients are satisfied after bunion removal surgery. Surgeries are major performed to correct the deformity in joints, relieve pain and realign the joints. Some of the types of surgeries used for bunion removal are:
Tendons and ligaments repair : This type of surgery is performed when there is an imbalance in the attachment of ligaments and tendons. At some places they are aligned very tightly and from another side they are very loose. Due to this the toe starts drifting from its position. Usually this surgery is conducted in combination with osteotomy wherein the loose tendons and ligaments are reduced and the tighter ones are lengthened.Arthrodesis : In this surgery the damaged joints are removed and with the help of wires, plates and screws the surfaces are held close to one another until the site of surgery heals completely. This type of surgery is only performed when all the other treatments and surgeries have failed to prove relief, especially in cases of severe arthritis.Exostectomy : This type of surgery is rarely performed as it does not rectify the cause of bunion condition. It is mostly used when the bunion toe has big bump and has not drifted from its position. In this the toe bump is removed completely to reduce pain.Resection Arthroplasty : In this surgery, the damaged joint is removed completely. Resection arthroplasty is mostly performed on patients who had earlier undergone bunion surgery and in patients suffering from severe arthritis. This type of surgery leaves a scar joint that is flexible, but do not cause any problem to the patient.Osteotomy : This process involves cutting and realigning the joint surgically.


What is the Post Operative Care Post Bunion Surgery?
Once the surgery is done, the recovery depends on the post operative care. Here are some instructions that can help you in taking proper care of your wound:
Dressing : When you are discharged from the hospital, your toe will be held in proper position with the help of dressing. Doctors recommend wearing cast or postoperative surgical shoe for protecting the foot. After two weeks, the sutures will be removed, but your feet will need proper cushioning and protection for around tonight weeks so as to recover well. For this you will need to support it with regular dressing and braces. Hence it is of utmost importance that you take proper care of dressing and keep it dry so that no infection occurs. You can cover the surgical site with plastic bag while se taking bath.Bearing of weight : You will have to put less pressure on your feet till it is recovered completely and hence you should use walker , crutches or cane while walking. You can put weight on your foot slowly as it recovers. Try walking without aid for short distances first and then slowly increase the distance. With doctor's advise you can start driving after a week from surgery.Swelling and using shoe : Try to keep your foot in an elevated position whenever you are resting or sleeping. Use ice on your wound of swelling. Some amount of swelling will be present for around 6 months even after your bunion problem has recovered completely. This swelling will decrease on its own. When the dressings are removed, you should start using only athletic shoes or oxford type soft leather shoes. Avoid using fashion or high heeled shoes.Exercises : Exercises after surgery help to strengthen your foot and increase its flexibility. Surgical bandies more strength to ankle and marbles. You should start these exercises only after taking advice from your doctor and should learn them properly from a skilled physiotherapist before trying them on your own at home.Medication : Antibiotics to prevent septic and pain killing medication to reduce pain are prescribed post bunion removal surgery. External Referencessurgerybunion.com: Bunion Surgerysquidoo.com: Information on Recovery After Bunion Surgerywebmd.com: Bunion Problem and SurgeryRelated Videos: See videoRelated Images: Link Keywords: Bunion Surgery
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14 Mar 2014 

Bunions information advice - bunion and foot care information - bunion products and supplies - bunion treatment - bunion products pads shields sleeves gel pad

Bunions information advice - bunion and foot care information - bunion products and supplies - bunion treatment - bunion products pads shields sleeves gel pad

Bunions (Hallux Valgus)
Bunions are a very common and painful condition of the foot. A bunion, hallux valgus, is a lump or protrusion on the side or top of the joint of the large toe and can be inflamed, swollen and painful around the joint with pain sometimes extending down the inside of the foot. The lump may be associated with an additional growth of the bone of the joint of the big toe or an enlargement of the joint with swelling, inflammation and pain. A bursar (fluid filled sac) may also overlie the joint causing further foot pain. Bursars require treatment from a Podiatrist


Bunions are often genetic but also may be caused or aggravated by the wearing of footwear that is too tight and by heels that are too high for normal walking. Distortion of the large toe joint causing the bunion may also displace the line of the second toe causing it to claw and form a hammer toe. This clawing may then cause the top of the toe joint to rub on the shoe and form a corn or callous.


Bunion Treatment

Properly fitting footwear with adequate width and depth in the toe box. Shoes with laces or buckles are more supportive and help to prevent the bunion from worsening.
Shoes should be as flat as is comfortable. Do not wear heels that are too high.
Bunion pads, bunion shields and bunion sleeves normally incorporate a soft gel protector and treat by reducing pressure and relieving pain.
Prolyne Technogel pressure protection pads are unique and versatile self adhesive polyurethane pads that adhere to the skin and conform to the shape of the bunion protecting against pressure and friction and relieving pain.
Conventional padding materials like fleecy web, chiropody felt and tubular foam can be cut to size and used to protect the bunion.
Hallux valgus night splints help straighten the joint and may prevent further deterioration.
If marked pronation is present orthotics should be used
The use of a good foot moisturiser like CCS Cream or Flexitol Moisturising Foot Cream keeps the skin soft, soothes and prevents dryness.
Anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen or Aspirin may help relieve inflammation and pain. Seek advice from your Pharmacist or Doctor if you are uncertain about their use.
Surgical treatment may be necessary in more serious cases. Seek the advice of your Podiatrist


Products for the Treatment of Bunion Pain
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12 Mar 2014 

Best Plantar Fasciitis Shoes Articles


It can take many months for symptoms to disappear and the plantar fascia to be fully healed. Remember that a torn ligament (even microscopic tears) only comes about after persistent and long-term stress and to reverse this, extended rest and treatment will be required. Further, the longer the patient has had plantar fasciitis and the more severe the heel pain, the longer the treatment schedule. The foregoing "short-term" remedial measures assist in relieving heel pain. As Plantar Fascia excessively stretches due to over-pronation (fallen arches) and tightening of the calf muscle and ligaments it is advisable to undergo long term treatment that has recently been found to be quite effective.

While donning supportive shoes for plantar fasciitis and heel spur relief would definitely make you feel better, it's essential that your feet don't reel under your body's weight. Feet carry our entire weight throughout the day, so, make sure that you keep a tab on your body weight as well. Obesity is found to be one of the reasons why people suffer from plantar fasciitis. This is because obese people are less flexible and agile. Being overweight, they may also be suffering from back aches which pose limitations of bending down and thus exert pressure on the plantar fascia.

Surgeries might not always be successful, as after all it all depends on how your body responds to it? Therefore, why not avoid surgeries and better prevent all these conditions from getting aggravated? Consult a doctor immediately if you experience heel pain and get proper medications and treatments for the same. Heel pain is the most common symptom associated with plantar fasciosis. Your heel pain may be worse in the morning or after you have been sitting or standing for long periods. Pain is most common under your heel bone, but you also may experience pain in your foot arch or on the outside aspect of your foot.

Foot care experts recommend the exercises for plantar fasciitis shown below in addition to the use of orthotic shoe inserts to ease pain in the heels caused by plantar fasciitis due to excess pronation. You must be aware that these plantar fasciitis exercises should not cause you pain, but rather a stretching feeling. Each exercise should be done 2 or 3 times over the course of the day; these exercises should not necessarily be done in one session. Ironically, patients affected by plantar fasciitis frequently have foot pain in the morning when they wake up. And you’d think that is when their feet would feel best all day!plantar fasciitis treatment

There are some ways that you can treat arch foot pain. Arch foot pain can be treated by ice at the beginning of the pain to reduce the amount of swelling that has been caused. Later on anti inflammatory gels and heat applications may be used. Any activity that puts a strain on the arch foot muscles should be avoided. Therefore if your work necessitates that you should be standing on your feet all day, then you should see if you can do your work seated. This tissue or ligament is popularly known as plantar fascia. Experiencing plantar fasciitis will make it difficult for you to stand and walk properly.

Casting - Another option is a short walking cast, which begins in the calf so they cover the ankle and foot as much as the toes. This sort of cast carries a rocker-shaped bottom that lets you continue walking while wearing it. Shock wave therapy - Some clinicians recommend shock wave therapy (the generation of sound waves that offer a burst of energy for the sole of the foot). The treatment is initially painful, and contains not been proven to be far better than sham treatment (treatment with a low, non-therapeutic dose of shock wave therapy).

Plantar fasciitis is the name of the condition which causes you to dread taking the first step out of bed in the morning because of the intense heel pain you experience. Or you may have pain in the ball of the foot directly behind the toes, of in the arch of the foot. If this is you, then you probably want to know how to cure it. And part of the cure is knowing why you got it in the first place. Coblation surgery (aka Topaz procedure) has been used successfully in the treatment of recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. This procedure utilizes radiofrequency ablation and is a minimally invasive procedure. 22

Chronic heel pain at times cannot be cured with icing, stretching, anti-inflammatories and orthotics alone. Surgery doesn't have to be the next alternative. The shock waves can also act to over-stimulate pain transmission nerves, leading to a reduction in sensitivity and discomfort. Not all foot and ankle problems consist of chronic heel pain, hammertoe or bunions. Sometimes foot deformities require reconstructive surgery of the foot. Get a new pair of shoes. Pick shoes with good archsupport and a cushioned sole. Or try heel cups or shoe inserts ( orthotics ). Use them in both shoes, even if only onefoot hurts.plantar fasciitis stretches

Getting your plantar fascia to feel better usually revolves around some conservative treatments. These may include anti-inflammatory medication (such as ibuprofen), ice (20 minutes on the foot over a thin towel, then 40 minutes off), doing exercises to stretch the calf muscle, wearing shoes that give better support to the foot (such as those with a slightly elevated heel and decent arch support), avoiding going barefoot, and giving your feet a rest by avoiding activities that stress them out (like certain sports or standing for long periods). Plantar fasciitis is very common in runners, people who are overweight or obese, pregnant women, and those who wear shoes with inadequate support.
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10 Mar 2014 

Plantar Fasciitis Night Splint


So what causes the Plantar Fascia to become inflamed? There are a number of various reasons for this to occur. For example, you are more likely to develop Plantar Fasciitis, if you are over 50 years old, if you're overweight, or pregnant, or if you have a job that requires a lot of walking or standing on hard surfaces. You're also at risk if you do a lot of walking or running for exercise (overuse injury). And if you have tight calf muscles (which a lot of people have) you're also more likely to develop Plantar Fasciitis.

In plantar fasciitis treatment, walking may cause overstretching of your leg. When you walk, walk gently without straining your heels. Another thing to remember is to avoid walking on hard surfaces and always opt for proper well cushioned shoes. Old and worn out shoes must be avoided which can cause discomfort while walking. There are heel pads and cushions available which help provide support to the heels and feet. There are painkillers and other anti-inflammatory drugs that relieve the throbbing pain. In addition, there are certain plantar fasciitis exercises like stretching exercises. However, these exercises must be performed in supervision of a physiotherapist.

Your next Plantar Fasciitis exercise is stretching of the plantar fascia using a bath towel. Put a rolled up towel under the ball of one foot, holding both ends of the towel with your left and right hand. Next, slowly pull the towel towards you, while keeping your knee straight (the other knee may be bent). Hold this position for 15 to 20 seconds. Repeat 4 times and change to the other foot, if necessary. (It's always good to do these exercises on both feet, even if you only experience heel pain in one foot, as this will help prevent the heel problem to come back in your other foot!)

Tight calf muscles is a major contributing factor to Plantar Fasciitis. Therefore this particular heel pain exercise is very important. Stand facing a wall with your hands on the wall at about eye level. Put one leg about a step behind your other leg, keeping your back heel flat on the floor. Make sure this leg stays straight at all times. Now bend the knee of the front leg slowly, lowering your body until you feel a stretch in the calf of the back leg. Hold the stretch for 15 to 20 seconds. Repeat 4 times. Do the same for the other leg.

An easy home exercise for plantar fasciitis involves the use of a tennis ball or any small ball that is comfortable to use on the bottom of the foot. The exercise is performed by placing the bottom of the foot on top of the ball and gently rolling the ball back and forth. This is thought to massage the muscles and stretch the muscles along the sole of the foot to relieve tension. This can be performed while seated or standing while holding on the a wall or chair. The exercise can be performed for 30 seconds to a minute at a time followed by a period of rest. plantar fasciitis surgery

When you go in to see your podiatrist about the pain in the bottom of your heel, be sure to come prepared to answer questions (and ask questions of your own, of course). Your doctor will probably want to know a history of your symptoms and will perform a physical exam of your foot to check for swelling and redness. He or she may also check for tenderness on the foot to find out where the pain is coming from. You may need to get X-rays to check for other possible sources of your pain (such as stress fractures).

In the Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Rodney Tomczak lists several complications of the surgery due to damage of nearby structures. Nerves that supply sensation to the bottom of the foot can be cut, producing numbness. The cut nerve ends may form painful neuromas as they try to heal. Incisions, especially on the bottom of the foot, can heal with excess scar tissue or keloids. This produces pain with walking and shoe wearing. After bone spurs are removed, the calcaneus, or heelbone, may become weak and fracture. You Might Also Like Lateral Column Pain

Why are some people troubled by plantar fasciitis, while others remain relatively pf-free? Research suggests that pf is often associated with a change in activity (like a sudden increase in the volume or intensity of training or a simple expansion of the total time you spend on your feet). Using worn-out shoes, especially while running on pavement or hard ground, also seems to increase the risk Individuals with flat feet are said to be at higher risk for plantar fasciitis, and - somewhat paradoxically - so are people with high arches.

The first step is to stop the activity that caused the pain The person should alter his or her activity or exercise routines to reduce stress on the plantar fascia ligament. You should rest your feet, keep the foot elevated and use ice repeatedly during the first part of treatment. Patients should try not to run or walk too much, instead try swimming or cycling. Regular activity should be increased slowly avoiding pain with each increased level. Common anti-inflammatory medications such as asprin may reduce discomfort, although patients must make sure they get medical advice prior to starting any medication.

You need to be pro-active with this disease, and a great first step is to become acquainted with its symptoms. Because a few of the signs of this condition could be mild, they may pass by undetected. An important part of your observation should include examining your heels for any sensitivity in addition to checking your arches to ascertain if they are high or flat. Pay close attention to the nature of the pain you are experiencing. Is it constant, or does it begin after you take your first steps in the morning? plantar fasciitis relief
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30 Jan 2014 

Must Medical professionals Promote Height Increasing Inserts

heel lift insertsIf you have tried other kinds of insoles or lifts before but have found that they are noticeable and not comfortable to wear, the Levitator shoe lifts are something that you should try if you want to increase your height. They are designed to easily fit into your shoes and provide you with comfort while making you look taller. You can increase your height easily when you find the right kind of insoles to use. You can buy the insoles and shoe lifts online and have them ready to use.

Shoe lifts come in a selection of models all supplying instantaneous height increase at an easily affordable price and completely interchangeable with whatever was the shoe of preference for that day. Many are of just one piece even though effective provide a out of the blue increase of height that might be very easily detectable. Some shoe lifts are adjustable, using a couple of inserts , that could be gradually introduced making sure that height increase is gradual and almost certainly not as noticeable also giving you the option to grow familiar with their development of height.

Heel bone spurs are nail-like growths that form around the ligaments and tendons of the foot where they attach to the heel bone. Common symptoms of a heel spur are intense pain in the heel on rising and aching in the foot that does not go away. These boney growths can dig into the inflamed flesh of the foot, causing pain. At the onset, the pain can be very sharp and will be present upon standing. As time passes, the sharp pain will become a dull aching feeling, but this can become a constant source of irritation for the patient.

The next crucial thing to do is immediately put on a comfortable pair of shoes and orthotic shoe insoles. This will help to cushion and support the bottom of your foot and help to keep it from more injury. If you utilize the proper plantar fasciitis stretching exercises and arch support inserts, you will see a great improvement in your heel pain. You should really pay attention to your body and if you are aware of foot pain, talk to a doctor as soon as possible. This will ensure that your pain does not become a more serious issue.

When searching for plantar fasciitis inserts, one of the most important things to take into account would be the comfortableness it offers. You do not want to get one that is too hard as the feet would feel very not comfortable. On the other hand, you do not want one that is too soft as it might not provide you with the support that you need. Getting one that is moderately firm is a better solution to use. With the internet, it's very simple to find testimonials on each and every orthotic that may help you choose the perfect one to get.

Heel pain starts after overuse of heels due to physical activities like running and jumping. Sever's disease occurs when there is some temporary distortion in the Achilles tendon present at the back of the heel. This happens when the growth of the calf bones, calf muscles and Achilles tendon is leg length surgery not properly matched. In other words, the growth of the bones are faster as compared to the growth of the muscles and the tendon. As a result, the muscle and the tendon tends to become taut and gives rise to pain. Heel pain in athletes are found due to running or jumping on hard surfaces.

KURU shoes are specially formed with custom orthotics that are proven to address many foot conditions to help you rediscover healthy movement. Through our innovative KURU SOLE technology, our built in orthotics provide a custom fit for your own unique foot. Medical-grade, heat responsive foams built into the footbed adapt to the natural shape of the foot when you move for natural comfort, and outstanding performance. KURU shoes are durable and proven to meet your everyday needs. Lacking arch support? KURU provides some of the world’s most comfortable arch support shoes that fit your feet like a glove.

It is important that you choose the correct type of shoe inserts if you wish to rid yourself of this condition. That means that you must buy inserts that are placed near the area of the toes and it opposed to the other parts of the feet. Consult with medical experts in order to find out which types of insert will work best for you. People suffer from foot problems in our lives because of several reasons such as wearing wrong size shoes , from normal wear and tear, due to some injury, or some kind of skin disease.

Prescription orthotics, on the other hand, will actually alter foot structure, especially when that structure is deformed because of flat feet. These thermoplastic inserts are made by taking a plaster impression of the foot, while holding the foot in a corrected position. Not only do the inserts that are made from this impression match the individual foot contours exactly, they also match the foot as it should normally be positioned without excessive rotation. The foot is therefore stabilized in this position, and any abnormal pressure due to abnormal foot structure is significantly reduced.

Another common condition that shoe inserts help to soothe is hammertoes, which is a condition that is most commonly characterized by the muscle's inability to extend and contract the toes. People often experience symptoms of this condition due to too exerting much weight and pressure on their toes. While the toes may seem like small parts of the body, there is no doubt that experiencing this condition can be a hassle. For this reason, you should consider investing on a good pair of inserts that will help you avoid experiencing this foot condition, among others.
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